Canada is a country in North America that is right above the United States. Canada is a highly developed country, with a steadily increasing demand on people to travel there. Most people get to Canada by airplane, but many wonder how they would get to Canada if they could not fly to Canada.
What Is A Canada Visa/Permit
A visa to Canada is a stamp on your passport which allows you to enter the country. It is a permission to enter Canada legally and stay for a period of time. The Canadian Consulate or Embassy decides if you are eligible to enter. However, it is up to the customs officers when you arrive at the border whether they approve your entry into Canada.
If you answer the Canadian Border Services Officer (BSO) questions honestly and correctly, they will allow you to enter. If they suspect that you are not eligible to enter, they can deny you and ask you to go back to your home country even if you have a Canada visa.
Who Needs A Canadian Visa? An Application Guide.
People from countries that do not have an eTA agreement with Canada will need to apply for a visa in order to enter the country.
If you have an immigrant visa application in Canada, there are a few general steps you must take. The types of visas vary, but apply for one to find out which type and what step is required for your desired visa.
Overview Of The Types Of Canada Visa
Before applying for a Canadian visa, you must know what type of visa you are applying for. Here are the types of Canadian visas:
- Visitor visa
- Student visas
- Work visa
- Permanent Residence visas.
Business Immigrant visas.
Express Entry Program visas
Temporary Canadian Visas
If a Canadian citizen wants to go abroad for a specific time period, a temporary visa is the easiest option, eliminating the need for additional documentation and costly application fees. A temporary visa may be either single entry or multiple entry.
There are two types of visas allowed into Canada: the single entry visa which allows for no more than one visit and the multiple entry visa which allows the person the ability to stay in Canada three times.
Canada’s Visitor Visa
The Visitor Visa or the Tourist visa allows visitors to Canada to enter for tourism purposes.
The Canadian Super Visa
This visa permits parents or grandparents of Canadian citizens or Canadian Permanent Residents to allow their children or grandchildren to visit them for an extended period.
The Diplomatic and Official Visa
It gives government officials and diplomats from foreign countries entry into Canada, with the authority to conduct official duties.
The Courtesy Visa
It is awarded to those who do not qualify for an Diplomatic and Official Visa, but are considered important due to the ranks and their station in life. This includes for example, members of trade missions or diplomats with touristic intent.
For those who want to come to Canada for business, a business visa is needed. The Business Visa lets people who are travelling to Canada for business as individuals or as a group of business people enter the country.
Visa for Pregnant Woman to Give Birth in Canada
In order to stay in Canada for a short time and give birth, a visa is required. The family of the pregnant woman gains Canadian citizenship after the birth of the baby.
Intending Organ Donors Visa
This visa is granted to those who are coming to Canada to donate an organ to a Canadian citizen or Permanent Resident.
Canada Facilitation Visa
Canada permits people with dual nationalities, who do not have a Canadian passport, to temporarily move to Canada without an issue on the basis that they face extreme hardships due to the trip while getting a Canadian passport. The person’s second nationality visa is stamped with the facilitation stamp on it as immigration officers don’t want them to be delayed in obtaining a Canadian passport, which may cause more consequential delays.
Canada Student Visa
Canada student visa is given to students who have previously been granted admission by a Canadian university and are going to study in Canada for less than six months. The “TRV” visa is the only one available for shorter terms of study, whereas those considering a longer term studying in Canada must apply for a “Visa”.
Canada’s temporary work visas are given to those people who have a job offer in Canada and will work for up to six months. To obtain this visa, an applicant must have a job offer letter from an employer and qualify for a temporary immigration visa.
As a Temporary Resident, you will be able to come to Canada to pursue different purposes. How long in the country, depends on the reason the person is coming. Residence permits are issued only during a specific period of time.
The Canada Working Holiday Visa
It is a visa given to young people from 30 countries that provides the opportunity to work in Canada and travel. It’s a randomized selection process where applicants submit their applications and wait for their chance to win the work permit.
Canada has a program for people with net worth of at least $800,000 who want to invest in Canada and will return their investments to them without any interest. The Immigrant Investor Program is for those that want to support the economy by investing.
Startup Visa Program
The Canada Startup Visa is available for people who have a net worth of at least $300,000 and are interested in owning and managing at least one third of a Canadian Business as well as creating and maintaining opportunities for others within three years of immigrating to Canada.
Applicants must demonstrate how they can finance their business as well as their skills in, typically, business, athletics, culture and farming.
The Quebec-Selected Skilled Worker Program
This visa is for international entrepreneurs and workers who can prove they have the education and skills needed to work in Quebec. If you’re fluent in French, there’s a good chance that you’ll be able to apply for this program which will give you permanent residency.
Family sponsorship immigration
The family sponsorship visa allows you to sponsor your family members, in order for your children or wife to immigrate permanently.
Live-in Caregiver Program (LCP)
This visa is given to caregivers who are qualified to take care of elderly, disabled people, or children and live in a private home in Canada.
Canada Visa Application Requirements And FAQ
Express Entry Visa
With the Canada Express Entry Program, we can obtain a Canadian visa based on the skills you possess. These programs includes the following elements:
- Federal Skilled Trades Training Program (FSTP)
- Program for Federal Skilled Workers (FSWP)
- Programs for Provincial Nominations (PNP)
- Class for Canadian Experience
- Federal Skilled Trades Training Program (FSTP)
The Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) visa is granted to qualified tradespeople working in occupations such as:
- Mechanics of Aircraft
- Operators of Cranes
- Mechanics of Heavy-Duty Equipment
- Plumbers, for example.
Program for Federal Skilled Workers (FSWP)
The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) visa is granted to people who have professions that are required in Canada. You must research the types of occupations required in Canada at the time you intend to apply and obtain the necessary points.
The Federal Skilled Trades Program opens up avenues into the skilled trades sector. The FSTP provides entry-level permanent residence visas to qualified people who have worked and trained in a skilled trade occupation.
Provincial Nomination Programs (PNP)
This visa under the Provincial Nominee Program, called a semi-skilled or low skilled worker grant, provides immigrants with a chance to work in other provinces of Canada where the demand for their work is high.
Canadian Experience Class Visa
The Canadian Experience Class (CEC) is a permanent resident visa that gives temporary visa holders the ability to switch to a permanent residence. It can only been obtained with an education or work experience in Canada, and applicants must have sufficient ties to society.
Visa Application for Canada
The application process for a Canada visa is largely determined by the type of visa you require.
To apply for a visa to Canada, follow these simple steps:
- Check whether you are eligible for a Canada visa.
- Open an online account.
- Complete the file compilation.
- Pay the charges.
- Wait for your Canadian visa to be processed.
- Submit your passport as well as the processing fees.
- Determine whether you are eligible for a Canada visa.
The Canadian government has made it very simple to learn how to obtain a Canadian visa. They have developed various tests that assess applicants’ eligibility by asking them to complete an online questionnaire. You will be asked several questions depending on the type of visa you want, and the system will then tell you whether you can apply or not. It will also send you the necessary instructions and steps to complete all of the requirements.
To access these questionnaires and determine your eligibility for a Canada visa, go to their website here. The website will display various information and tabs from which to choose, but you must go to the Immigration tab.
When you hover or click on the Immigration tab, a drop-down list of options appears. The first will be My Application, followed by Visit, Immigrate, Work, Study, and other tabs. You must select the one that corresponds to the visa for which you wish to apply. To continue with the previous example, if you want to obtain a tourist visa, you must select the Visit tab.
More information will be displayed after you click on the tab that corresponds to the reason you want to visit Canada and the visa you want to apply for. Regardless of which tab you are on, one of the links will say “Find out if you can apply” or “Find out if you are eligible.” This link must be followed.
The link will take you to a questionnaire in which you must answer several questions. They will include everything from your personal information to the reasons you want to visit Canada and your previous travel history. The system will display the results at the end of the questionnaire.
Getting The Test Results
You will see three different types of results, each of which says one of the following:
- You are qualified for the visa you have chosen.
- You are eligible for a different type of visa, which the system will assign to you.
- You do not qualify for the visa.
If you are eligible for the visa you have chosen or a different type of visa, the system will prompt you to enter your contact information (usually your email address), and you will be sent a set of documents.
The documents will include a visa description as well as instructions and details on how to apply. They will also send you a reference code.
The reference code is one of the most important pieces of information in that set of documents because you’ll need it to launch your application. You will be unable to apply unless you have a reference code. The reference code informs the system of the information you provided during the questionnaire, as well as the type of visa you are applying for.
As a result, you must save the email and the documents. You can write the reference code in a variety of ways, including sending it to yourself, writing it on your computer, or writing it on a piece of paper, but you must not lose it. If you do, you will have to restart the questionnaire process.
Opening An Online Account
The email instructions will tell you whether you need to apply for a Canada visa online or in person. Because the Canadian government is digitizing its records, the majority of applicants will have to apply online. To do so, you must first create an account.
There are two ways to register for the application:
Using your online banking login, as the Canadian Government has partnered with many banks; Creating a Government of Canada login (GCKey); You can use whichever one works best for you, as you will be required to use your banking details to pay the visa fees in either case.
1) Assemble the document file
You can begin your Canada visa application after logging into your account. Start applying for the visa for which you have been approved using your reference code. After entering the reference code, the system will display a list of documents required for your Canadian visa application.
You can find a complete list of documents required for a Canada visa application here.
You must complete all of these forms online in the system before submitting the application.
2) Pay the fees
The system will take you to the payment page once it has verified that you have submitted all of the required documents. The Canada visa fees will vary depending on the type of visa you apply for. Your application will be submitted once that is completed.
It will take about 5 business days for the application to appear on your account, and if you apply in person, you will simply need to take those documents to the Canadian Embassy in your home country.
3) Wait for your Canadian Visa to be processed
Depending on the type of visa, the Canadian Embassy will then process your Canada visa application for two or more weeks. Furthermore, they may request additional documents, as well as biometrics and an interview.
If they request biometrics and an interview, you will be required to visit the Embassy in person, even if you applied online. You must make an appointment, or the Embassy will do so for you. You will be required to submit your fingerprints and photographs, as well as answer questions from a Canadian Embassy official, at your appointment.
The official will decide whether you are eligible for a Canadian visa. They can notify you immediately after your appointment or send you a notification later.
All Embassy notifications about your visa will be posted on your account, so keep checking it, even if you did not have to submit biometrics or go through an interview.
4) Submit your passport along with the processing fees
If your Canada visa application was approved, the next step is to submit your passport to the Canadian Embassy. This can be accomplished by mailing it to the Embassy’s address in your country, along with processing fees. The processing fees range from $20 to $50, depending on the type of visa you are applying for, and must be paid by check or money order. You must also pay for a passport return envelope.
The Embassy will accept your passport and fees, stamp the visa on it, and mail it back to you. If you are notified of their decision immediately following the visa interview, you must pay the processing fees and obtain the passport right away.
5) Following the Successful Application for a Canadian Visa
You can travel to Canada once you have obtained your visa. You will be required to show your passport and documents at the point of entry. The officials will inspect them and question you about your trip to Canada.
After you respond, they will decide whether or not to allow you to enter the country. Officials at the border have the authority to refuse you entry into Canada if they believe you will commit crimes or violate your visa restrictions. Only border officials are allowed to guarantee that you will visit Canada if you have a Canadian visa.
How Long Does It Take to Get a Canadian Visa?
The processing time for a Canada visa varies depending on the circumstances. It can take anywhere from two to four weeks, and sometimes even longer.
Only after the Canadian authorities have received your complete application will your Canadian visa be processed.
If they require you to obtain additional documents, the processing time will be extended.
Can I Assist Someone in Obtaining a Canada Visa?
If you want to bring a family member or friend who lives abroad to visit Canada, you can write them a Letter of Invitation.
The following information must be included in the Letter of Invitation: Regarding the person you’re inviting:
- Full name and birthdate
- The reason they wish to visit Canada
- When and for how long they intend to stay in Canada
- Their contact details
- The friendship you have
- Where they will reside
- How they intend to fund their trip
- Your full name and birth date
- Your line of work
- Your Canadian residency status (Canadian citizen or permanent resident)
- Your family information – names and birth dates of your immediate family members (spouse and dependents)
- How many people reside in your home?
- The Letter of Invitation, however, does not guarantee that they will be granted a visa to Canada. The visa will be granted based on its own merits, but the letter may be useful.
You can sponsor a family member to come to Canada permanently or temporarily through the Canada Family Sponsorship Program.
How Can I Stay in Canada for a Longer Period of Time?
If your visitor visa to Canada is about to expire and you want to extend your stay, you must apply for a visa extension. This is referred to as a Canada Visitor Record.
You must apply for a visa extension (visitor record) for Canada at least 30 days before your visitor visa expires.
Aside from extending a tourist visa, you can also convert your study or work permit to a Visitor Record. A visitor record, on the other hand, is only available while you are in Canada.
If you want to leave Canada and return, you will be denied entry if you have a visitor record.
What Happens If I Overstay My Visa in Canada?
If you have overstayed your visa in Canada, the next step is determined by how long you have been in the country.
If you overstayed for less than 90 days, you can regain your visitor status by applying for a Visitor Record and selecting “Restore my visitor status.”
If you have overstayed your visa for more than 90 days, you will be forced to leave Canada. You may be unable to obtain another Canada visa.
However, you should avoid overstaying your Canada visa. If you believe you will need to stay longer than your visa allows, apply for a visa extension before it expires.
How Much Does a Canada Visa Cost?
The visa fee in Canada is determined by the type of visa you are applying for. There are also various fees to pay, such as a processing fee and a biometrics fee.
A standard Visitor Visa fee, on the other hand, is $CAN100.
Visa fees for Canada can be found here.
What If My Visa to Canada Is Rejected?
If your Canada visa application is denied, you can reapply at any time, as long as your rejection letter does not prohibit you from doing so.
However, you may reapply only if your situation has changed or if you have new information that may help you obtain a Canada visa.
There is no formal process for appealing a Canada tourist visa decision. Appeals are only available for applications for refugee and permanent residency. The Immigration Appeal Division handles them (IAD).
If my Canada Visa application is denied, will I be refunded?
Even if your application is rejected, Canada visa fees are non-refundable. This is because you are paying a fee to have your visa application processed, not for the visa itself.
However, if you withdraw your application before it is processed, you may be eligible for a refund. You will not receive a refund once the process has begun.
Furthermore, if your application is approved, you may be eligible for the following refunds:
- The fee for obtaining the Right of Permanent Residence
- The Right of Citizenship Fee
- The cost of obtaining an Open Work Permit
- The International Experience Canada fee (IEC)
- The Employer Compliance Fee
You can, however, still request a refund for any of your fees via the Government of Canada: Immigration and citizenship website.
Can I Apply for a Visa to Canada from Another Country?
In some cases, your country of residence lacks a Canadian embassy or Visa Application Center. In this case, you may need to apply for a Canada visa in another country.
You must, however, apply for a visa only at the Canadian embassy or VAC responsible for your jurisdiction (ie. for the country you are a legal resident of).
You can also apply for a Canadian visa from Country B if you are from Country A and have a residence permit for Country B.
However, if you are simply visiting Country B and do not have legal residency there, you must apply at the Canadian embassy or Visa Application Center in your own country or elsewhere.
Biometrics can be provided at a Canadian Visa Application Center. The Canadian embassy will send you a letter informing you of the date and time you must provide your biometrics. You must pay the biometrics fee when you submit your Canada visa application to receive the letter.
You can submit your biometrics at Visa Application Centers around the world. Visit the website of the one closest to you to learn about their fees and services.
Is it necessary to submit biometrics with my Canada Visa application?
Yes, regardless of the type of visa you applied for, most visa applicants must provide biometrics (fingerprints and a photograph) when applying for a Canada visa.
How Does a Canadian Visa Look?
A Canadian visa is a stamp in the passport with a distinct appearance. It does not usually include a picture, but it does include the following information:
- The location where the visa was issued;
- Issue and expiration dates;
- Number of entries permitted;
- Document number; Visa category; Visa type; Last and first name of visa holder;
- Passport Number
As a holder of a Canada visa, how can I travel to the United States?
To travel to the United States from Canada, you may need to apply for a US visa in Canada. If you are a citizen of a Visa Waiver Program country, you will not need to apply for a US visa from Canada, but you will need to apply for ESTA instead.
If you have any question, contact us or leave a comment below.